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2018山东出生率大幅度下降
添加时间:2019-04-12
  Shandong, the eastern Chinese province known for its high birth rate, reported a substantial drop in its new births and birth rates last year, local authorities have said.   以高生育率著名的山东省2018年新出生人口和出生率大幅度下降。   The Shandong Bureau of Statistics said the province saw births of 1.33 million babies in 2018. This marks a decrease from 1.75 million in 2017 and a further drop from 2016, when figure jumped to 1.77 million after the country abolished its one-child policy.   Its birth rate also declined to 13.26 per 1,000 from 17.54 per 1,000 recorded in 2017, according to the bureau.   Overall, Shandong had a permanent population of 100.4 million at the end of 2018, making it one of the most populous1 provinces in China. People aged2 over 65 constituted 15 percent of Shandong's population, lower than the national average of 17.3 percent.   China has since 2016 allowed all couples to have two children, putting an end to a 40-year-long one-child policy. Despite the new policy incentives3, China saw 15.23 million new births in 2018, down from 17.58 million in 2017.   A robust4 birth rate is important as China tackles its rapidly aging population. China's population aged 60 or above is expected to peak at 487 million in 2050, or a third of the total population, putting the country's pension system and elderly care under considerable strain.   Shandong has in recent years stood out among Chinese provinces for its parents' strong will to give birth. In 2017, the province's new births accounted for one-tenth of the national total.
1 populous      adj.人口稠密的,人口众多的 参考例句:
  • London is the most populous area of Britain.伦敦是英国人口最稠密的地区。
  • China is the most populous developing country in the world.中国是世界上人口最多的发展中国家。
2 aged      adj.年老的,陈年的 参考例句:
  • He had put on weight and aged a little.他胖了,也老点了。
  • He is aged,but his memory is still good.他已年老,然而记忆力还好。
3 incentives      激励某人做某事的事物( incentive的名词复数 ); 刺激; 诱因; 动机 参考例句:
  • tax incentives to encourage savings 鼓励储蓄的税收措施
  • Furthermore, subsidies provide incentives only for investments in equipment. 更有甚者,提供津贴仅是为鼓励增添设备的投资。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
4 robust      adj.强壮的,强健的,粗野的,需要体力的,浓的 参考例句:
  • She is too tall and robust.她个子太高,身体太壮。
  • China wants to keep growth robust to reduce poverty and avoid job losses,AP commented.美联社评论道,中国希望保持经济强势增长,以减少贫困和失业状况。