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印度锡金将为公民提供普遍基本收入
添加时间:2019-02-27
  High in the Himalayas, Sikkim is one of the tiniest states in India. But it is about to embark1 on an experiment of global interest.   位于喜马拉雅山坡上的锡金是印度最小的邦之一,但这里即将进行一项全球瞩目的试验。   Sikkim's ruling party has announced an ambitious plan to implement2 a universal basic income for every one of its 610,577 citizens.   If successful, the scheme would represent the largest trial run anywhere in the world of a concept that supporters such as Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg say could provide a safety net, help alleviate3 poverty and address the challenge of job automation.   Detractors, meanwhile, say it would reduce the incentive4 to work and would come at a huge expense.   A universal basic income is a regular, guaranteed income paid by the government, universally and unconditionally5, to all citizens. It is a cash payment that aims to replace the often confusing array of assistance that states offer to citizens and place spending decisions in the hands of recipients6.   "If there is one chance of it happening anywhere, it is Sikkim," said P.D. Rai, the sole member of India's Parliament from the state.
1 embark      vi.乘船,着手,从事,上飞机 参考例句:
  • He is about to embark on a new business venture.他就要开始新的商业冒险活动。
  • Many people embark for Europe at New York harbor.许多人在纽约港乘船去欧洲。
2 implement      n.(pl.)工具,器具;vt.实行,实施,执行 参考例句:
  • Don't undertake a project unless you can implement it.不要承担一项计划,除非你能完成这项计划。
  • The best implement for digging a garden is a spade.在花园里挖土的最好工具是铁锹。
3 alleviate      v.减轻,缓和,缓解(痛苦等) 参考例句:
  • The doctor gave her an injection to alleviate the pain.医生给她注射以减轻疼痛。
  • Nothing could alleviate his distress.什么都不能减轻他的痛苦。
4 incentive      n.刺激;动力;鼓励;诱因;动机 参考例句:
  • Money is still a major incentive in most occupations.在许多职业中,钱仍是主要的鼓励因素。
  • He hasn't much incentive to work hard.他没有努力工作的动机。
5 unconditionally      adv.无条件地 参考例句:
  • All foreign troops must be withdrawn immediately and unconditionally. 所有外国军队必须立即无条件地撤出。
  • It makes things very awkward to have your girls going back unconditionally just now! 你们现在是无条件上工,真糟糕! 来自子夜部分
6 recipients      adj.接受的;受领的;容纳的;愿意接受的n.收件人;接受者;受领者;接受器 参考例句:
  • The recipients of the prizes had their names printed in the paper. 获奖者的姓名登在报上。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The recipients of prizes had their names printed in the paper. 获奖者名单登在报上。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》